There are around 50 types of roaches in the United States. The roach prefers a warm, humid, dark environment and is normally found in tropical or other mild climates. Only 4 species are known to become pests. The insect damages more material than it consumes and emits an odor. Some species of concern are American Roaches, Brown Banded Roaches, German Cockroaches, and Wood Cockroaches. The German cockroach is a widely distributed urban pest. It is also the most common cockroach species in houses, apartments, restaurants, and hotels.
Cockroaches breathe through tubes called “tracheae” which are attached to each of their body segments, due to the fact they do not have lungs. Female roaches can normally lay up to 40 eggs that are carried on the abdomen in case called ootheca. The case is bright white in color. The life cycle from egg to adult take around 3-4 months. Female cockroaches live longer than males. Females can live up to 2 years with males only living for 1 year.